What is Mortgage Loan, It’s Types, and Procedure?

The most significant purchase you can make in life is getting a house. Make sure you afford to borrow the mortgage before taking it. This blog will discuss mortgages, their procedures and different types.

What is a Mortgage?

A mortgage is a loan which we take to buy a property, mostly, the mortgage can last for 25 years however, the time duration can be longer and shorter. Your home’s value supports the loan. You must pay a certain amount of instalment regularly to clear the loan. If you cannot make payments, the lender will take ownership of your home and sell it to recover the loan.

What is the Procedure of Mortgage

What is the Procedure of Mortgage?

  1. When someone wants to get a loan to buy a house, they start by filling out a form and sending it to one or more mortgage lenders. The lender will demand that you show the papers that you can repay the loan. These papers can be bank statements, recent tax forms and proof that the person has a job. The lender also checks the person’s credit history to see if they are good at repaying loans.
  2. Your application gets the thumbs up if all the documents you need to show are good and meet the requirements. The lender will then offer you the money you need for the house, but you have to pay a little extra called “interest” on top of it. Some ways to borrow money don’t involve paying interest, but not many people know or use them.
  3. People buying a house have two choices regarding getting a loan. They can either apply for the loan after finding a house they like or when they are still searching. This early application is called “pre-approval”. Being pre-approved helps the buyers stand out in a market with many buyers but not many houses for sale. Sellers want to know if the buyer can really afford to pay and being pre-approved shows them you have the money lined up.
  4. After the buyer and seller reach an agreement on the property terms, they along with their real estate agents, come together for what’s known as a closing. This is the meeting where the home buyer makes the down payment on his behalf to the lender.
  5. Once the down payment is received, everyone signs a contract laying out all the deal details. In this agreement, the seller commits to transferring property ownership to the buyer, who in return agrees to pay the specific amount. The buyer also signs any other necessary mortgage documents at this point.

Types of Mortgages

Types of Mortgages

Numerous kinds of mortgages exist according to terms and conditions.

Simple Mortgage

A simple mortgage means that the lender can sell the property if the payment is not made per the contract. Here’s what it involves:

  • The person taking the loan is personally responsible and will face penalties.
  • A formal order is needed to sell the property, it can’t be sold without proper authorization.
  • The ownership can’t be transferred during this process.

English Mortgage

English mortgage involves paying off the mortgage loan at a specific time, leading to the complete property transfer. The lender, now owning the property, has the authority to sell it without requiring court involvement. This change in ownership is facilitated by transforming the mortgages upon full payment.

Mortgage by Conditional Sale

The mortgage is arranged with the condition that the borrower can sell the property. The condition includes:

  • A specific date will be decided to pay back the mortgage, and if the mortgager cannot pay the mortgage by that date, the lender can sell the house to get back money.
  • The conditions will be null and void when the full payment is made.

Once the payment is received, the buyer gave away the property back to the seller.

Deposit of Title-Deeds Mortgage

A type of mortgage that does not involve registration and it is the most famous type of mortgage with banks. This involves transferring title deeds(ownership documents) to a bank or individuals to keep them as collateral to secure a home loan.

Usufructuary Mortgage

This is when someone needs a loan to buy a property and gives the property papers to the mortgagee as a promise to repay the loan. To make this happen, the mortgagee:

  • Takes a look at the property’s value and potential rental income.
  • Can allow you to pay back some of your loan through the rental income that you make from that property.

Anomalous Mortgage

A type of mortgage not involved in the above categories is called an unusual mortgage. They are combined with two or more than two types of house loans.

Mortgage Property Transfer

It has two types:

  • Equitable
  • Legal


The ownership papers are given to the person borrowing money for a justified mortgage deal.


The legal ownership of the property is passed to the borrower (mortgagor) once they fully repay the loan. The costs for stamp duty and registration charges are involved in officially recording this transfer of ownership.

Advantages of mortgage

Advantages of mortgage

  • It brings your vision of buying a home to life.
  • The interest rate of mortgages is significantly less than the other borrowing types.
  • You can stop paying rent and save some money.
  • It is a kind of massive investment that helps you to make assets.
  • The mortgage is paid through small instalments, so it’s a very easy process of repaying.
  • Numerous mortgages are available, allowing you to pick anyone that best fits your situation.

Disadvantages of mortgage

Disadvantages of mortgage

  • You will have to pay way more than what you borrowed.
  • The payment of your mortgage could change.
  • If your home’s value drops, you will owe more money to the lender.
  • By getting the mortgage, you are in debt as long as the mortgage is not fully paid.
  • It may include additional fees and costs that can be surprising.
  • The mortgage’s interest rate fluctuates, affecting your payments.